In general, though, you shouldn’t need to update your drivers very often. If your hardware is working as intended, it’s best to let it be, since new drivers can introduce problems as well as fix them.

Computer viruses aren’t living things, but some are programmed to have a self-preservation instinct. For the average computer user, the No. 1 way to kill a virus is through a scan by antivirus software. If you’re having trouble downloading and installing the software, or you’re unable to update your existing program, that might be by the virus’s design. Though this can be a hassle, some antivirus software solutions can create rescue disks to scan and clean an infected PC. CIH’s dual payload was delivered for the first time on April 26, 1999, with most of the damage occurring in Asia. CIH filled the first 1024 KB of the host’s boot drive with 0x8024001E zeros and then attacked certain types of BIOS. Both of these payloads served to render the host computer inoperable, and for most ordinary users the virus essentially destroyed the PC.


When you experience problem with sound or visuals on your computer, the simplest solution that almost always works is reinstalling the drivers. Driver errors will bring painful inconveniences to your life.

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They attach to the disk OS boot sector on diskettes and USB thumb drives or the master boot record on hard disks. In a typical attack scenario, the victim receives a storage device that contains a boot disk virus. When the victim’s OS is running, files on the external storage device can infect the system; rebooting the system will trigger the boot disk virus. Boot viruses are less common now as today’s devices rely less on physical storage media. Next to viruses, theft represents the biggest security issue for computer users.

Tony, determined not to fail again, restored his sobriety. With these weapons, the Avengers defeated the Serpent’s Worthy and Skadi, while Thor defeated the Serpent himself but paid with his life.

If you use an older computer with an equivalently aging hard drive, a malware infestation can subject your system to unexpected wear. Malware can overload your computer’s memory with instructions that force it to use disk space as a substitute for free RAM, sending your hard drive into a frenzy of activity.